Golf as we know it originated in the 15th-century in SCOTLAND. James the II, of Scotland banned the game in 1457 as it became a distraction to his archers who needed to work on their archery to fight in times of battle. James the IV lifted the ban when he took up the game of golf. The Old Course at St. Andrews dates back to 1547. The first golf clubs date back to 1503-1504.
"GOLF" actually stands for Gentlemen Only Ladies Forbidden, of course today we have the LPGA. (Ladies Pro Golfers Association).
The first golf balls were called "Featheries" since they were made of bird feathers and a leather pouch.
1. Putting 2. Chipping 3. Pitching 4. Full-Swing
1. Cardiovascular - if walked briskly there are cardio benefits. 2. Muscular Endurance - the walking and repeated swinging of the golf club will improve 3. Muscular Strength - the explosive movement as you start the follow through (downward swing). 4. Flexibility - in order for the swing to be effective you need good trunk rotation and upper arms and shoulders need to rotate smoothly with controlled power.
The Golf Course:
A Golf course consists of 9 -18 holes. Each golf holes is designed differently, but they will have some similarities for instance:
1. Tee Box Where a player starts the hole. 2. Water Hazard Stream, Pond, Lake, or Ocean, results in a stroke penalty for a ball hit into the water. 3. Rough Higher grass alongside the fairway. 4. Out of Bounds Beyond the limits of the golf hole. 5. Sand Traps Another type of hazard, the ball can be played out of the sand, but it is difficult. 6. Water Hazard See above 7. Fairway Short grass between the Tee Box and the Putting Green. 8. Putting GreenThe end of the hole where the Flagstick is located. 9. Flagstick Target on the green where the hole is located
1. A maximum of 14 clubs are allowed in the bag 2. Woods - have a larger head and longer shafts with 8 - 10.5 degrees of loft. There is a Driver, 3, 4, and 5 Wood. 3. Irons - have metal (blade or cavity back) head with shorter shafts as the number of the club gets larger. There are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, Pitching Wedge, Approach Wedge, Gap Wedge, and a Sand Wedge. 3. Hybrid Clubs - are a cross between a wood and an iron. Some people find them easier to hit than hitting a long iron. 4. Putter - designed to roll the ball along the putting green.
1. Baseball Grip - the club is held as a you would a baseball bat. 2. Interlocking Grip - the dominate hand is low on the club and the index finger of the opposite hand is placed between the little finger and ring finger (interlocking the fingers). 3. Overlapping Grip - is the same as the interlocking grip only, instead of interlocking the index finger between the little finger and the ring finger, the little finger on the dominant hand rests on top of the index finger of the opposite hand.
Different Types of Shots:
1. The "Full Swing" - used to produce the maximum distance capable of the person swinging the club. 2. "Pitch" Shot (1/2 swing) - used to go a certain distance rather than the full possible distance. 3. "Chip" Shot (1/4 swing) - used for relatively short distances trying to get the ball close to the flagstick/hole. 4. The Putt - used on or around the green to roll the ball toward and hopefully in the hole.
−2 Eagle 2 strokes under par −1 Birdie 1 stroke under Even ParEqual to par +1 Bogey 1 stroke over par +2 Double bogey 2 strokes over par +3 Triple bogey 3 strokes over par
1. "Honors" - the player with the lowest score on the previous hole will hit first on the next tee. 2. "Fore" - The warning cry - should be yelled if you hit a ball in the air toward another golfer on the course. 3. "You're Away" - means the player furthest from the hole should hit first.
1. Never swing in the direction of another golfer. 2. Never walk in the swing zone of a player swinging a golf club. 3. Never walk out in front of someone about to hit a golf ball.